Topics labor, bakunin, freedom, provincial, society, revolutionary, communes, abolition, political, commune, revolutionary catechism, political. Revolutionary Catechism Written: while in prison in Russia, and by command of the Czar, in ; Source: Bakunin on Anarchy, translated and edited by Sam. Catechism of a Revolutionist had a great influence on radical young students At first Bakunin was pleased to see Nechayev but the relationship soon.
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Without interfering in the internal administration of the communes, it will allot to each commune its share of the provincial or national income, which will be used by the commune as its members decide.
Replacing the cult of God by respect and love of humanity, we proclaim human reason as the only criterion of truth; human conscience as the basis of justice; individual and collective freedom as the only source of order in society.
This constitution must be accepted by all communes wishing to participate in the provincial parliament. Each person will, of course, be free to work alone or collectively. The revolutionary is a doomed man. They may entirely reconstitute society, dividing it not into nations but into different industrial groups, organized not according to the needs of politics but to those of production.
A country bent on conquest is necessarily a country internally enslaved. Individuals shall not be penalized or deprived of their full political and social rights solely revoluionary belonging to such unrecognized societies.
Any such attempt would be absolutely impractical. If there is war and the International Tribunal has pronounced its decision, the aggressor must submit.
The difference between the recognized and unrecognized associations will be the following: Abolition of all centralized administration, of the bureaucracy, of all permanent armies and state police. If liberty is the starting point, it will necessarily lead to unity.
Types of federation Affinity group Synthesis anarchism Platformism.
The International Familythe Revolutionary Catechismand the National Catechismin which Bakunin outlined the basic tenets of his doctrine. Without political equality there can be no real political liberty, but political equality will be possible only when there is social and economic equality. This capital should, of course, be spent as economically as possible in order to derive from it the greatest possible profit. In exchange, society will expect him to fulfill only these three obligations: The provincial parliament, in strict accordance with the Charter revolutionwry the Federation of Communes, will define the rights and obligations existing between the communes, the parliament, the judicial tribunal, and the provincial administration.
They can be divided into three main groups. Absolute rejection of the politics of aggrandizement, of the power and the glory of the State.
Its strength and refolutionary vitality are measured by the degree of its liberty. For the privileged classes a life of luxurious idleness gradually leads to moral and intellectual degeneration. The commune elects all functionaries, law-makers, and judges. The union of a man and a woman must be free, for a free choice is the indispensable condition for moral sincerity.
The Relations of the Revolutionist within [his revolutionary] Society [ k obshchestvu ].
CATECHISM OF A REVOLUTIONIST
Religious and civil marriage to be replaced by free marriage. All able-bodied citizens should, if necessary, take up arms to defend their homes and their freedom. The well-being and the freedom of nations as well as individuals are inextricably interwoven.
Once the right to secede is established, secession will no longer be necessary. Above all, education must make men and inculcate human values first, and then train specialized workers.
He is catapulted into life, defenseless, without initiative and without his own will.
For him, morality is everything which contributes to the triumph of the revolution. After having reconstructed society on the basis of the most complete liberty, equality, and justice — not to mention work — for all and an enlightened education inspired by respect for man — public opinion will then reflect the new humanity and become a natural guardian of the most absolute liberty [and public order.
Adult men and women have the right to unite and separate as they please, nor has society the right to hinder their union or to force them to maintain it. Hatred and the sense of outrage may be partially and temporarily useful insofar as they incite the masses to revolt. We should regard these women as the most valuable or our treasures; without their help, we would never succeed.
Catechism of a Revolutionary – Wikipedia
Night and day he must have but one thought, one aim — merciless destruction. All comrades should have under them second- or third-degree revolutionists — i.
Women who wish to nurse and wean their children shall also be subsidized. The old, sick, and infirm will enjoy all political and social rights and be bountifully supported at the expense of society. And without political equality — in the true, universal, and libertarian sense in which we understand it — society will always remain divided into two unequal parts.
The Anarchist Library: Michail Bakunin Revolutionary Catechism a4
At this time we can only speculate about, but not determine, the immense development that they will doubtlessly exhibit in the new political and social conditions of the future. This demands a worldwide program, as large, as profound, as true, as human, in short, as all-embracing as the interests of the whole world. The unity of the elements of society, in order to be genuine, fruitful, and durable, must be absolutely free: A unity will be created which reflects the needs and aspirations of the communes; in short, we will have individual and collective freedom.
Reason, truth, justice, respect for fellowmen, the sense of personal dignity which is inseparable from the dignity of others, love of personal freedom and the freedom of all others, the conviction that work is the base and condition for rights — these must be the fundamental principles of all public education.
Our task is terrible, total, universal, and merciless destruction. They are, as H. Social inequality — inequality of classes, privileges, and wealth — not by right but in fact.