One of such is the Gadaa system of the Oromo People. . Hallpike, C. R., “ Review: The Origins of the Borana Gada System,” Reviewed. Oromo elites, Abba Gadaa (father of Gadaa), historians most often say that it is The Gada system is largely practised by the Oromo people. Was it a system used through out Oromia or was it prevalent in one region of Oromia The Gada system spread with the migration and intermingle of the Oromo.

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There is little to do with? The entire class progresses through eleven different grades, each based on an eight-year cycle, and each with its own set of rights and responsibilities.

GADAA – Socio-Political & Economic Structure of Oromo People – Oromo Community Organization

Oromo oral traditional also supports the above view. Is there any part of the Gada system that is not compatible with gxda international human rights instruments or with the requirement of mutual respect among communities, groups and individuals, or with sustainable development? In a new development, women were allowed to attend the general meeting – something previously not expected of them.

The sixth grade is called the Gada grade.

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For example, a thesis by Z. An Oromo cannot imagine functioning as a human being or living in a community apart from rules of behaviour preserved and protected in the Gada System. The conceptualisation of the postcolonial state in Africa is also highly influenced by the present predicaments see: One of the roles of the Yuba semi-retired classes are that they are main protagonists in the election campaigns.

Thus the young men develop a new social identity that cut-across kinship ties.? According to the meaning given by scholars, the Gada System was associated with the development of religious and political culture of the Oromo. Name of roomo communities, groups concerned: Hence, he seeks to balance the individual freedom of expression on the one hand, and the orderly environment of deliberation on the other. AllAfrica publishes around reports a day from more than news organizations and over other institutions and individualsrepresenting a diversity of positions on every topic.

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Gada is a complex system that incorporates pivotal institutions such as moggaasa naturalizationguddifacha adoption gasa, araara conflict resolutiongumaa reparation sysgem, rakoo marriage law waaqeffannaa Oromo religion and Siinqee institution to safeguard women right.

The roles and rules attached to the age grade system are the most important elements that regulate the Gada system. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. A number of scholars have studied Gadaa. This might be related to the ancient division of labour.

This page was last edited on 30 Novemberat Comparable in its magnitude to the powerful Zulu nation of South Africa and the Fulani of West Africa the Oromo were superior in military establishment. Heads of each Cibra are called Abba Cibra. Concerning its genesis,German scholar E. Decisions over the use of common resources and the settlement of disputes are reached after thorough discussions and deliberation. Asmerom further stated that Gadaa does not only refers to ‘Buttaa’ ceremony that takes place in changes of grade every eight years.

The existing differentiation of functions and minimal ranking does not imply inequality or hierarchy. Oromo philosophy, art and calendar are based on Gada as an expression of Oromo civilization. By Daniel Berhane on Thursday, December 1, 5: Major Oromo clans have established the centres of their Gada at several places based on their territorial settlement. The infant joins, sometimes, very old men who are members of the genealogical generation. The second is a system in which the members are recruited on the bases of genealogical generation.

In addition to his Harvard PhD dissertation, Legesse has published a book [3] positioning Gadaa as an African democracy that could inform constitutional thinkers.

Age-set Gadaa’s grade with their right and obligation Gaammee playing singing training for fight, Dabballee dancing singing cultural songsKuusaa training and fighting, RaabaaDoorii ormoo, Luba Gadaa Name of the element in the ofomo and script of the community concerned: Analysis and Lessons Learned Time – among the Guji-Oromo the general assembly takes place once in every eight years and mostly for a week, just a week before power transfer.

The Oromo had all that in the 16 th?

For the Oromo today, Gada constitutes a dynamic living culture that regulate contemporary Oromo political, social, economic and religious life. As a governance System, Gada guides the life course of individuals and regulates political, economic, social and religious activities of the community.


It appears in five names of Gadaa parties that were named by relating to the religious, political and economic life of the society. Daniel Berhane Daniel Berhane. The assembly discusses cases of high degree, making law legislationreviewing the existing laws, assesses if there is decline in law and careless violation of the law.

Gada System of checks and balances such as respecting eight years rule, power sharing and balanced opposition of parties helps avoid subordination, exploitation, corruption and misuse of power. Under the Gada System, Oromo society is organized into five Gada generation classes or sets which rotate every eight years to assume political, economic and ritual responsibilities.

The transition is marked by a formal power transfer ceremony.

The Gadaa System of the Oromo People

Sources indicate that the Gada system possesses some prominent unique features when compared to western democracies. The school curriculum in Oromiya is designed to ensure that the knowledge and skills associated with the element are transmitted to children in their tongue.

Webarchive template wayback links All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from January The retired Abba Gada and gda council called Yuba serve as counsellors for the ruling Gada Class and are in charge of administration of justice.

In explaining this identifying characteristic, the researches remarked that western democracies are very deficient in the distribution of power across generations and age groups.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Briefing: What is Oromo’s Gada system? | Horn Affairs

The innocent person is called ‘Garraamitichaa’ which literary means an old innocent man of Walabuu. Ethiopia also inscribed the commemoration feast of the finding of the True Holy Cross of Christ in and the Fichee-Chambalaalla, New Year festival off the Sidama people in As to other scholars, the term Gadaa is very difficult to define precisely.

These were age regiments consisting of the married Gada class members, Qeerroo bachelors and qondala youth.