GEORGIUS AGRICOLA t. DE RE METALLICA. TRANSLATED FROM THE FIRST LATIN EDITION OF with. Biographical Introduction, Annotations and. De Re Metallica By: Georgius Agricola Originally published in , Agricola’s De ReM etallica was the first book on mining to be based on field research. Editorial Reviews. About the Author. A Presidential Classic The original edition of De Re Metallica (On the Nature of Metals, or Minerals) by Georg Bauer, writing.
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Handtools and different sorts of buckets, wheelbarrows and trucks fe wooded plankways are described. Finally he comments on the practice of naming veins or shafts. Sometimes the tunnel eventually connects with a tunnel mouth georgiud a hill side. For someone like Agricola that step was apparently still too big. Agricola addresses the book to prominent German aristocrats, the most important of whom were Maurice, Elector of Saxony and his brother Augustus, who were his main patrons.
The book consists of a preface and twelve chapters, labelled books I to XII, without titles. The oldest is an English translation, under the title De re metallica, by H.
De re metallica
Agricola apparently gained their trust, partly of course because they knew him as a doctor. He also dedicated a writing to subterranean flows and — which may sound slightly curious — de wrote a book about underground animals. The rest of the book covers the laws of mining. However, until the early years of the twentieth century, the book was only available in the original Latin version, affordable by only wealthy collectors and institutions, and readable only by those metallicaa knew Latin.
The veorgius of furnaces is first explained. In the bronze and iron ages the extraction and processing of metal ores became of interest. Fire setting involved piling a heap of logs at….
Agricola then states that it is rarely worthwhile digging for other metals unless the ores are rich. The shifts of the miners are fixed. It is one of the first works in which practical matters are discussed in a scholarly way.
The prehistoric mines at Rijckholt already consist of an extensive underground tunnel complex. Subsequent translations into other languages, including German, owe much to the Hoover translations, as their footnotes detail their difficulties with Agricola’s invention of several hundred Latin expressions to cover Medieval German mining and milling terms that were unknown to classical Latin.
This originally appeared inpublished by The mining magazine; in a reprint appeared at Dover in New York. Agricola describes searching streams for metals and gems that have been washed from the veins. Mining was typically left to professionals, craftsmen and experts who were not eager to share their knowledge. Still, it metallkca exactly these 2 areas that made the flourishing of Western European civilization to a large extent possible.
Stringers and cross veins should be explored with cross tunnels or shafts when they occur. Agricola his real name was Georg Bauer was born in in Glauchau in Saxony. The work covers the mining industry and everything related to it and ranks as one of the great scientific works of rre Renaissance.
De Re Metallica full text & illustrated. Agricola. Hoover.
Retrieved from ” https: The interweaving of science and technique is mainly the work of the nineteenth century. A book more often referred to in literature on mining and metallurgy than any other, its Latin text prevented it from being as widely used as it might have been. After he died, preparing to have sent away in A miner should have knowledge of philosophymedicineastronomysurveyingarithmeticarchitecturedrawing and lawthough few are masters of the whole craft and most are specialists.
The work gives an overview of everything that has to do with the geeorgius industry.
Only centuries after Agricola were science and technology so far progressed that they could be valuable for each other. Science would never have arisen if the metalpica only continued with beautiful philosophical theories without making their hands dirty. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. De re metallica Title page of edition.
In the history books more attention has traditionally been paid to generals, kings and artists than to things like mining and technology. A navigable river can be used to bring fuel, but only gold or gemstones can be mined if no fuel is available.